New York: Trying to "fix" suppressed defenses doesn't work.

An employer can deny a case for lack of notice, lack of employment, wrong carrier, or other jurisdictional or substantive reasons by filing a “notice of Controversy” (Form C-7). Once the C-7 is filed, the case will be set down for an expedited hearing within 30 days. The Act also requires that a “Pre-Hearing Conference Statement” (Form PH-16.2) must be filed 10 days before the Expedited hearing. See 12 NYCRR 300.38(f)(4). If the Pre-Hearing Conference statement is not filed on time, all defenses are waived.

We counsel our clients that if you are denying a case, file a Pre Hearing Conference statement at the same time – to avoid the potential for failing to file the Statement (Form PH-16.2) within the 10 days. There is just too much that can go wrong – late notice of the hearing date, no notice at all, etc! If you have enough information to justify a denial, you have enough information to fill out the Pre-hearing Conference Statement – so go ahead and file the PH-16.2 at the same time.

We think he best practice is to have outside counsel handle the entire process! More commonly, we see the carrier file a C-7, then refer the claim to outside counsel. This introduces delay and a possible dropped deadline into a time-sensitive process.

In March I reported on two cases where the Appellate Division upheld the suppression of defenses where the carrier failed to timely file the Pre-hearing Conference Statement. LINK

In a case decided September 29, 2011, the Appellate Division reviewed a situation where the employer denied the case (filed a C-7) but didn’t file the PH-16.2 within the time limits. To fix the mistake, counsel immediately filed an “amended notice of controversy” and argued that the originally-scheduled Pre-hearing Conference was therefore “premature” and should have been rescheduled, thereby making the PH-16.2 timely.

The Workers’ Compensation Law Judge refused to excuse the late fling, and stripped the employer of its defenses, ultimately establishing the claim.

In a decision dated September 29, 2011, the Appellate Division affirmed this outcome.

Best practice: be wary of the requirement that the Pre-Hearing Conference Statement be filed ten days prior to the expedited hearing – implement a plan to make sure this is done timely or risk a suppression of defenses!

Case: Butler v. General Motors, NY Slip Op 06634 (App. Div. 3d Dep’t, Decided September 29, 2011).

Greg Lois is the managing partner of LOIS LLC and dedicates his practice to defending employers and carriers in New York and New Jersey workers' compensation claims. Greg is the author of a popular series of "Handbooks" on workers' compensation, and is the co-author of the 2016-2019 Lexis-Nexis New Jersey Workers' Compensation Practice Guide. Greg can be reached at 201-880-7213 or